Researchers should not seek reimbursement for items

 that they are supposed to pay for themselves, and they should not embezzle funds for other purposes, it said.

Research projects that require external help should be made public at the university. If there are profits involved between

the research leader and external organizations, they should first sign a contract and submit it to the university, it said.

University administrative staff should not seek profits or advantages in applying for and allocating research funds, the ministry said.

Researchers should be held responsible for misuse of research funds. T

heir research projects will be suspended, their research funds will be recovered and th

ey will be prevented from applying for other projects within a certain period of time, the ministry added.

The management of research funds at Chinese universities is still done the traditional way,

with researchers paying the costs and then submitting a claim for reimbursement. As a result, financial staff

members often face piles of receipts, which are rather difficult to check, leaving room for loopho

qchen.cn

Yangtze bridge stands the test of timespecial meaning

In the more than three months since it reopened to the public after repairs, more th

an 70,000 vehicles a day on average have crossed the Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge in Jiangsu province.

The number of vehicles traversing the bridge, which reopened in December, is just half that for each of the other three structures spanning t

he river in Nanjing, while Line 3 of the city’s subway system carries more than 800,000 people across the river every day.

But despite its relatively meeker traffic flows, people from across the country visit Nan

jing just to see the bridge, especially during holidays. For many, it represents far more than just a river crossing.

For years, it has been featured on a variety of posters and in school textbooks.

Many people have had their pictures taken at photo studios that use images of the bridge as backdrops.

Hotels, cinemas and daily necessities have been named after it. Parents have even named their chi

ldren after the bridge, with some of those born in the 1960s and 1970s being called “Yangtze”, “Bridge” or “Pier” in Chinese.

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It was such a huge temptation that I studied like cra

 to get such scores. I got extremely high marks in the end, but my father failed to keep his pro

mise because the family could not afford the tickets to go to Nanjing,” Zhou said.

“Visiting the bridge had been my dream for many years. Now, my two sisters and I have all m

oved to Nanjing, the provincial capital. It’s a happy coincidence that my family lives near the bridge.”

Lu Andong, a professor with Nanjing University’s School of Architecture and Urban Planning, said the bridge repres

ents the collective memory of several generations and has special meaning for Chinese.

“It employed the country’s most advanced technologies and talented workers when

it was built. It was unique in stimulating cohesion and pride in the whole country,” Lu said.

In 1960, the bridge featured in the Guinness Book of World Records as the world’s longest with dual road and rail functions.

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Mapping of parathyroid hormone to help patients of os

Scientists have for the first time seen clearly the dynamic structure of the receptor of human parathyroid hormone, of which the s

ecretion is closely related to diseases including osteoporosis, hypoparathyroidism, and cachexia.

The revelation provides valuable insights into discovering novel therap

eutics against such diseases, the group of researchers said at a media briefing on Friday.

Patients of osteoporosis, who the National Health Commission in October said number nearly 20 percent of Chin

ese over the age of 50, need to take medicines stimulating the human parathyroid hormone receptor.

As such medicines are polypeptide, they can only be injected rather than being orally ta

ken, which can trigger a reaction with enzymes in the mouth and become ineffective, researchers said.

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Shanghai pays highest monthly wages in China ordi

Employees in Shanghai earn the highest monthly incomes in China, according to a report by 58 Tongcheng Recruitment Research Institute.

With an average monthly wage of 9,723 yuan ($1,447.64), Shanghai, China’s financial ce

nter, tops the country’s income rankings, the report on talent flow in quarter one said.

New first-tier city Hangzhou in East China’s Zhejiang province came in second, wi

th an average of 8,684 yuan, up 25.77 percent year-on-year – the highest growth rate.

With development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area set to begin, Gu

angzhou in South China’s Guangdong province offers the most job opportunities, up 24.95 percent year-on-year.

Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen remain job seekers’ p

referred locations, with Shenzhen most popular in the first quarter of this year, the report said.

An employment-first policy has been elevated to the status of a macro policy for the first

time in this year’s government work report, and China will pursue the policy with full force in 2

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People are now becoming more alert to fire hazards sin

ce the government has stepped up its efforts to improve public awareness of fire safety through brochures, advertisements and pu

blic service announcements,” said Liu Xingye, secretary-general of the China Association for Disaster Prevention.

Still, quite a few fires broke out during the Tomb Sweeping Day holiday late last week due to people’s carelessness, Liu said.

That shows that there is a dire need to educate the public on the dangers of even a small fire, Li

u said, adding that only when there are fewer fires will firefighters be truly protected.

Real estate purchases, especially homes, by women professionals rose sharply in 2018 in the top tier

cities of China and reshaped the sales strategies of some developers, a new industry report said.

It has long been a social norm in China that ahead of a marriage, it is the m

ale spouse who is responsible for apartment purchases, or at least for the down pay

ment. But data from Ke.com, an online housing agency and subsidiary of real estate agency giant Lianjia, shows that

such traditions are changing in the big cities as more financially independent single women have started investing in properties.

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The internet offers convenience to children, but th

 harmful messages online are also seriously influencing them, or even turning them into criminals or victims,” Fang said.

In a case disclosed by the Supreme People’s Court last year, a defendant was sentenced to four years in pr

ison for indecent communications with several girls under the age of 12 online in the name of offering them video classes.

In another case, a 16-year-old boy was sentenced to 22 months in p

rison for selling drugs via QQ, a popular messaging tool, the top court said.

“Considering the disorder of cyberspace, it’s a must to revise the Juve

nile Protection Law,” Fang said. “It’s urgent and necessary to add a special part about juve

nile cybersecurity in the law to clarify each government department’s responsibilities and duties.”

She also urged internet device manufacturers and online serv

ice providers to install software that can block harmful messages to children.

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Legend has it that Clear and Bright is one of three peri

iods during the year in which ghosts come closest to the world of living men. Buddhists believe that wil

low branches will drive away unwelcome ghosts and evil spirits. Therefore, willow branches are also known as “ghost terror wood”.

Folk proverbs also dictate customs. One proverb states that if a young lady does not wear a willow branch during the Clear and Bri

ght period, she will soon turn old. Another says: “If one does not wear a willow, he will become a yellow dog after he dies and is reincarn

ated.”Flying kites is an activity favored by many Chinese during Tomb-Sweeping Day. Kites are not only flown during the day time but also in the evenin

g. Little lanterns are tied to the kite or to the kitestring. And when the kites are flying in the sky, the lanterns look lik

e twinkling stars at night. What makes flying kites during this day special is that people cut the string while the kite is in the

sky to let it fly free. It is said this brings good luck and that diseases can be chased away by doing this.

The Cold Food Festival or Hanshi Festival is a traditional Chinese holiday celebrated

for one day before Tomb-Sweeping Day. On that day, making fire is taboo and only cold food is available.

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In a situation of rising income inequality, the ab

 of affluent two-earner couples to outbid single people for homes is a real problem,” said Coontz, adding that it’s exacerbated in Amer

ica by the extremely uneven quality of local schools, so that people get into bidding wars over homes in good school districts.

“We have to think through our housing policies, zoning laws and social investm

ents to find better ways to produce affordable housing (for singles),” she added.

A rise in single-person households may aid labor market mobility, ac

cording to Bachman. With fewer attachments to property and free of marital burdens, the

se individuals may be more open to shifting cities for jobs, which could make the labor market more mobile.

US fertility rate falling

At the same time, single-person households will have to cope with lower availability of informal personal care from

partners, Bachman wrote. Such nonmarket production (as economists would define it) may need to be replaced by pur

chased personal care services, especially health and nursing care, which could significantly impact the healthcare industry.

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Tax and fee cuts are our key measures to tackle down

ward economic pressure this year. They are a major policy initiative. Cutting fees cou

ld serve multiple purposes. All government departments must do their best to e

ffectively ease the burden on businesses and deliver real benefits to consumers,” Li said.

The premier added, “This will also boost our industrial development.”

Participants at the meeting also worked out measures to reduce personal postal tax rates.

Starting from April 9, the tax rate for foods and medicine will be cut from 15 percent to 13 per

cent, and the tax rate on textiles and electrical appliances will be trimmed from 25 percent to 20 percent.

he government of Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture

in Sichuan province announced Thursday will be a day of mourning for those who died figh

ting a recent forest fire. No public entertainment activities will be held on Thursday, the government said.

Flags in Xichang city and Muli county were lowered to half-mast on Thursday to mourn the 30 peop

le – most of them firefighters – who died while putting out a large blaze in the Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture’s Muli county.

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